IRS OVDP (2019) - Summarizing Offshore Voluntary Disclosure - Golding & Golding

IRS OVDP (2019) – Summarizing Offshore Voluntary Disclosure – Krantz Attorneys

OVDP 2019 – Summarizing Offshore Voluntary Disclosure | IRS OVDP

IRS OVDP (2019) – Summarizing Offshore Voluntary DisclosureOVDP is an acronym for Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program. Recently the IRS updated Offshore Disclosure Procedures for unreported accounts — the memoranda can be found here.

OVDP

OVDP is the traditional Internal Revenue Service program designed to bring individuals, estates, and businesses into Offshore and Foreign Compliance.

The program has been revised, and the IRS recently issued a memorandum detailing the changes, which has been summarized below:

OVDP – Updated IRS Disclosure Procedures

The IRS has announced a new set of rules involving OVDP and the IRS Voluntary Disclosure practices. 

While the general practice of IRS OVDP and Offshore/Voluntary Disclosure is similar to what it was before, there have been some significant changes (some better, some worse).

The IRS will be providing future updates, modifications, and revisions – but for now here are the key takeaways from the memorandum the IRS issued on 11/29 (memo dated 11/20).

Combined Offshore & Domestic Voluntary Disclosure

Old OVDP

Previously, OVDP (Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program) required that applicants had at least some offshore (aka foreign or international) income in order to apply for the program.

If a person had offshore income, they could also have domestic income as well – but could not apply to OVDP unless they had some offshore income. Otherwise, the IRM 9.5.11.9 disclosure rules would apply.

Updated Voluntary Disclosure Procedures

Now. with the updated voluntary disclosure procedures, IRM 9.5.11.9 will be the only disclosure program for willful applicants (or those not applying for reasonable cause/delinquency proceedings)

Preclearance Letter

The IRS is in the process of preparing a new “preclearance letter,” which will be an updated form 14457 (which was a form used in OVDP). It is unclear at this time whether the Preclearance will be required or voluntary.

“To accomplish this, CI will require all taxpayers wishing to make a voluntary disclosure to submit a preclearance request on a forthcoming revision of Form 14457. IRM 9.5.11.9 will continue to serve as the basis for determining taxpayer eligibility. Taxpayers must request preclearance from CI via fax or mail.”

Processing the Offshore Disclosure

This aspect of the disclosure is more for aligning the civil and criminal factions of the IRS in order to coordinate effective case processing, than something you really care about. Just know, the IRS is “doing their best” to make case coordination as easy as possible.

Time Period of Disclosure

Old OVDP

Under OVDP, the period of disclosure was 8 years.

Updated Voluntary Disclosure Procedures

Typically, under the new procedures, the disclosures will be for 6 years (which is less than the 8 years required under OVDP). BUT, if a person wants to submit for prior years beyond the 6 years, that may be a possibility.

“With the IRS’ review and consent, cooperative taxpayers may be allowed to expand the disclosure period.

Taxpayers may wish to include additional tax years in the disclosure period for various reasons (e.g., correcting tax issues with other governments that require additional tax periods, correcting tax issues before a sale or acquisition of an entity, correcting tax issues relating to unreported taxable gifts in prior tax periods).”

Civil Resolution Framework

The penalty is all you really care about, right?

The penalty situation may be better, or worse, depending on the amount of your tax liability and FBAR penalties vs. your non-filing of informational returns.

Penalties on Taxes Due

Old OVDP

With the prior OVDP, there was a 20% annual penalty on the unreported taxes due. For example: You owed $25,000 in tax for Year 1, you paid a $5,000 penalty (plus estimated interest) in addition to the taxes due. Then, for Year 2, if you owed $50,000 in tax, then you had to pay another $10,000 penalty (plus estimated interest), and so on for all eight years.

Updated Voluntary Disclosure Procedures

Now, Taxpayer will pay a 75% penalty on the amount of tax due (for the highest year only).  If the taxpayer never filed taxes, a similar framework applies IRC 6651(f).

“Except as set forth below, the civil penalty under I.R.C. § 6663 for fraud or the civil penalty under I.R.C. § 6651(f) for the fraudulent failure to file income tax returns will apply to the one tax year with the highest tax liability. For purposes of this memorandum, both penalties are referred to as the civil fraud penalty. 

In limited circumstances, examiners may apply the civil fraud penalty to more than one year in the six-year scope (up to all six years) based on the facts and circumstances of the case, for example, if there is no agreement as to the tax liability. iii. Examiners may apply the civil fraud penalty beyond six years if the taxpayer fails to cooperate and resolve the examination by agreement.”

*Taxpayer can try to argue for a reduced penalty under IRC 6662 (aka 20%), but the IRS has stated that it is unlikely the reduced penalty would be granted.

Penalties on FBAR

Old OVDP

The IRS issued a 27.5% penalty (or 50% if a bad bank) for the year with the highest unreported foreign account balance. For example, if you had $2,000,000 in unreported balances for the highest year in the compliance period (no bad banks involved), your penalty would be $550,000.

Updated Voluntary Disclosure Procedures

Under the updated procedures, the IRS will refer to the IRM 4.26.16 and 4.26.17. That generally means that the penalty is $100,000 or 50% maximum value of the account, whichever is GREATER.

If there are multiple years of unreported FBARs, then the procedures do generally cap the penalty at 50% for all unreported accounts within the compliance period, BUT the IRS is not limited to that amount.

After May 12, 2015, in most cases, the total penalty amount for all years under examination will be limited to 50 percent of the highest aggregate balance of all unreported foreign financial accounts during the years under examination.

In such cases, the penalty for each year will be determined by allocating the total penalty amount to all years for which the FBAR violations were willful based upon the ratio of the highest aggregate balance for each year to the total of the highest aggregate balances for all years combined, subject to the maximum penalty limitation in 31 USC 5321(a)(5)(C) for each year.

Note: Examiners should still use the mitigation guidelines and their discretion in each case to determine whether a lesser penalty amount is appropriate

Examiners may recommend a penalty that is higher or lower than 50 percent of the highest aggregate account balance of all unreported foreign financial accounts based on the facts and circumstances. In no event will the total penalty amount exceed 100 percent of the highest aggregate balance of all unreported foreign financial accounts during the years under examination. The examiner’s workpapers must support all willful penalty determinations and document the group manager’s approval.

Failure to File Information Returns

Old OVDP

Under prior OVDP rules, informational returns did not receive preferential treatment.

Updated Voluntary Disclosure Procedures

 This is a pleasant surprise. The IRS will NOT automatically issue penalties against applicants who failed to file informational returns.

Informational returns typically include:

  • Form 5471 (Corporation)
  • Form 5472 (Corporation)
  • Form 8865 (Partnership)
  • Form 3520-A (Trust)

Rather, the IRS Agent will look at the totality of the circumstances. In other words, if no FBAR penalties were issued since there were no foreign accounts per se, then some penalties may be warranted. Conversely, if significant FBAR penalties were issued, then the applicant may get a break on informational return penalties.

“Penalties for the failure to file information returns will not be automatically imposed. Examiner discretion will take into account the application of other penalties (such as civil fraud penalty and willful FBAR penalty) and resolve the examination by agreement.”

Other Penalties

Penalties relating to excise taxes, employment taxes, estate and gift tax, etc. will be handled based upon the facts and circumstances with examiners coordinating with appropriate subject matter experts.

Appeal

Taxpayers retain the right to request an appeal with the Office of Appeals.

Krantz Attorneys, A PLC

We have successfully represented clients in more than 1000 streamlined and voluntary disclosure submissions nationwide, and in over 70-different countries.

We are the “go-to” firm for other Attorneys, CPAs, Enrolled Agents, Accountants, and Financial Professionals across the globe.

International Tax Lawyers - Krantz Attorneys, A PLC

International Tax Lawyers - Krantz Attorneys, A PLC

Krantz Attorneys: Our international tax lawyers practice exclusively in the area of IRS Offshore & Voluntary Disclosure. We represent clients in 70+ different countries. Managing Partner Ezra Krantz is a Board-Certified Tax Law Specialist Attorney (a designation earned by < 1% of attorneys nationwide.). He leads a full-service offshore disclosure & tax law firm. Ezra and his team have represented thousands of clients nationwide & worldwide in all aspects of IRS offshore & voluntary disclosure and compliance during his 20-year career as an Attorney.

Ezra holds a Master's in Tax Law from one of the top Tax LL.M. programs in the country at the University of Denver. He has also earned the prestigious IRS Enrolled Agent credential. Mr. Krantz's articles have been referenced in such publications as the Washington Post, Forbes, Nolo, and various Law Journals nationwide.
International Tax Lawyers - Krantz Attorneys, A PLC

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